The National Center for Scientific Research, or CNRS, is a public organization under the responsibility of the French Ministry of Education and Research.
Founded in 1939 by governmental decree, the CNRS aims to:
- Evaluate and carry out all research capable of advancing knowledge and bringing social, cultural, and economic benefits for society.
- Contribute to the promotion and application of research results.
- Develop scientific information.
- Support research training.
- Participate in the analysis of the national and international scientific climate and its potential for evolution in order to develop a national policy.
As the largest fundamental research organization in Europe, the CNRS carries out research in all fields of knowledge, through its ten institutes:
- Institute of Biological Sciences
- Institute of Chemistry
- National Institute for Earth Sciences and Astronomy
- Institute of Ecology and Environment
- Institute for Engineering and Systems Sciences
- Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences
- Institute for Information Sciences and Technologies
- National Institute for Mathematical Sciences
- National Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics
- Institute of Physics
The CNRS encourages collaboration between specialists from different disciplines, in particular with universities, thus opening up new fields of inquiry to meet social and economic needs. The CNRS has developed interdisciplinary programs, which bring together several departments as well as other research institutions and industry.
Interdisciplinary research is undertaken in the following domains:
- Life and its social implications
- Information, communication and knowledge
- Environment, energy and sustainable development
- Nanosciences, nanotechnologies, materials
- Astroparticles: from particles to the Universe
See website for more information.